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Menstruation Guide For Teenagers

by Jessica Luccy

“Menstruation, also known as period, refers to the normal vaginal bleeding that occurs during a woman’s monthly cycle.”

Every month, your body begins the process of preparing for pregnancy. In the event that a pregnancy does not occur, the lining of the uterus (also known as the womb) will shed.

Menstrual flow is composed of both blood and uterine tissue, which comes from the uterus.

The vagina is the route that it takes as it leaves the body.

Menstruation Guide For Teenagers

Periods usually start between the ages of 11 and 14 and continue until menopause, which often starts around age 51. Menstruation typically ends around the age of 51.

The duration is typically between three and five days. Besides bleeding from the vagina, you may have:

  • Pain in the abdomen or pelvis
  • Lower backache
  • Breast pain and distention
  • Food cravings
  • Tense and irritable mood fluctuations
  • Feelings of exhaustion and a constant headache

Menstruation — What Is It?

Menstruation occurs each month as a result of the normal shedding of the lining of the uterus (more commonly known as the womb).

Menstruation is referred to by a variety of titles, such as menses, menstrual period, menstrual cycle, and period.

The uterus sends menstrual blood, which is made up of both blood and uterine tissue, via the cervix and into the vagina so that it can be expelled during menstruation.

What Are the Phases of Women’s Monthly Period?

Your body goes through a series of events every month in preparation for a potential pregnancy, and this process is referred to as your menstrual cycle. On the first day of a period, the beginning of a menstrual cycle is considered to have occurred.

A cycle can last anywhere from 21 days to approximately 35 days, but the typical length is 28 days. Cycles can even be shorter than 21 days.

Hormonal fluctuations set off each phase of the menstrual cycle. When you’re at the proper phase of your menstrual cycle, your ovaries and pituitary gland (respectively, in your brain and reproductive tract) produce and release hormones that stimulate various parts of your reproductive system.

What happens during your menstrual cycle can be divided into the following categories:

i) Menstrual Phase

When a pregnancy has not taken place, the uterine lining is shed through the vagina during the menstrual phase, which lasts for around five days.

The duration of a woman’s period can range anywhere from two to seven days; however, the majority of periods last between three and five days.

ii) Proliferative Phase

This phase, also called the follicular phase, typically lasts from day six until day fourteen of a woman’s menstrual cycle.

During this time, the endometrium, which is the lining of the uterus, will thicken and grow larger as a result of an increase in estrogen.

Follicle-stimulating hormone, often known as FSH, is another factor that contributes to the growth of ovarian follicles.

iii) Ovulation

In one of the growing follicles, an egg will mature between days 10 and 14 of the cycle (ovum).

Ovulation occurs at about the 14th day of a menstrual cycle that lasts for a typical 28 days.

Your ovary will release its egg in response to a sharp increase in the level of a different hormone known as the luteinizing hormone.

The term “ovulation” is used to describe this process.

iv) Luteal Phase

This is the time between days 15 and 28 of a normal menstrual cycle. One of your ovaries will release an egg, and from there it will make its way down your fallopian tubes and into your uterus. You start to feel more pregnant-like since your progesterone levels have increased. If conception does not take place, the uterine lining will thin and be lost during menstruation.

Note: An embryo develops into a developing human baby if and only if a fertilized egg implants in a woman’s uterine wall.

When Does Puberty Usually Start?

As a general rule, girls and women begin menstruation around the same time. The onset of menstruation, on the other hand, can occur as early as the age of 8 or as late as the age of 16.

People stop menstruation at menopause, which happens at roughly the age of 51. The production of eggs ceases during menopause (stops ovulating). Women who have gone a full year without having their periods are considered to have entered menopause and are therefore no longer fertile.

What Are Some Signs of a Typical Menstrual Cycle?

Here are some unusual signs of the menstrual cycle:

  • Moodiness
  • Disturbed sleep
  • The need to eat
  • Painful spasms in the lower abs and back
  • Bloating
  • Irregular or painful sensitivity of the breasts
  • Acne

When Should I Call My Doctor For Help?

Consult a medical professional if:

  • You haven’t started menstruation by the time you’re 16 years old.
  • There is some serious abrupt cessation of bleeding.
  • A longer period of time than normal has passed since you last bled.
  • You seem to be bleeding more profusely than normal.
  • Pain throughout your period is unbearable for you.
  • During the time in between your cycles, you bleed.
  • After using tampons, you suddenly feel nauseous.

How Often Do Most Girls Get Their Period?

For the vast majority of girls, their first period begins somewhere between the ages of 12 and 14. However, it is acceptable between the ages of 10 and 15 regardless of when it is received. The female body functions on its own timetable.

A girl can start menstruating at any time; there is no set norm. There are nonetheless indications that it will begin soon:

Generally speaking, a female will start having her period about the time her breasts are fully developed (after about 2 years).

Fluid (similar to mucus) from the vaginal area may be visible or felt on the underwear of a female.

Why Do Women Get Periods?

Hormonal fluctuations lead a woman to have her period. Hormones are a type of chemical messenger. Both estrogen and progesterone are produced by the ovaries in females. The uterine lining thickens as a result of these hormones.

The thickened lining is prepared to receive a fertilized egg and begin embryonic development. In the absence of a fertilized egg, the uterine lining begins to degrade and hemorrhage. In subsequent iterations, the procedure remains unchanged.

In most cases, the lining will build up over the course of a month and then begin to degrade. This explains why menstruation typically occurs once a month for most women and girls.

Ovulation and Periods: What’s the Connection?

Ovulation, pronounced ov-yoo-LAY-shun, is the procedure whereby an egg is expelled from an ovary.

The hormones that cause the lining of the uterus to thicken are also the hormones that cause an ovary to release an egg into the uterine cavity.

Eggs travel from the ovary to the uterus via the fallopian tube, a thin tube that connects the two reproductive organs.

After fertilization, the fertilized egg will connect to the uterine wall, where it will continue to grow and develop into a baby. Unfertilized eggs result in menstruation because the uterine lining breaks down and leaks.


When Menstruation Begins, Does It Always Last a Month?

In the years following the onset of menstruation, a woman’s period may not occur every month. Initially, this is to be expected. About 2–3 years following a girl’s first period, her cycles should be occurring every 4–5 weeks.

Can a woman conceive as soon as she has her first period?

A woman can become pregnant at the first sign of her menstruation. In fact, a woman’s fertility is not necessarily tied to her menstrual cycle. This is due to the fact that a female’s reproductive hormones may already be at work.

It’s possible that ovulation and the development of the uterine wall were brought on by the hormones. Any woman who has ever had sex with another woman, regardless of her menstrual history, is capable of becoming pregnant.

In what time frame do periods occur?

The average duration of a period is 5 days. However, the length of time is not fixed.

Periods occur every 4 to 5 weeks, on average. However, some women have irregular or more frequent menstrual cycles than others.

Is a Menstrual Cup Better Than a Pad or Tampon?

How to handle period blood is only one of several options available to you. You might need to try different things out before you find what works best for you. In terms of their preferred method of birth control, some young women stick to just one, while others cycle through several.

When their periods first start, most young women opt to use pads. Cotton is commonly used for pads, and there is a wide variety of sizes and styles available. Their adhesive tabs ensure a secure fit with undergarments.

When it comes to activities like sports and swimming, tampons are preferred by many women over pads.

Girls use tampons, which are cotton plugs, to prevent leakage during menstruation. Most tampons have an applicator to help you position them correctly. The blood is absorbed by the tampon. Leaving a tampon in for longer than 8 hours increases your risk of toxic shock syndrome, a potentially fatal illness.

A menstrual cup is a preferred method of period management for certain young women. Silicone is the standard material for menstrual cups. A menstruation cup is inserted into the vaginal opening by the user. The blood is contained there until she drains it.

What Is the Average Blood Loss During Periods?

While it may seem like a lot, a woman only sheds a few teaspoons of blood throughout her period. Changing a pad, tampon, or menstrual cup daily is a need for most girls.

Would I Have to Go Through Monthly Periods Forever?

Menopause is the permanent cessation of menstruation that occurs in women between the ages of 45 and 55. While pregnant, a woman will also not get her monthly period.

What is Meant by PMS?

PMS, or premenstrual syndrome, is characterized by a combination of mental and physical symptoms that affect women before, during, and after menstruation. Mood swings, depression, anxiety, abdominal discomfort, and breakouts are all possible signs. After the first several days of a period, the symptoms usually disappear.

Where Can I Find Help for My Cramps?

Cramps are a common symptom of the menstrual period, especially in the earliest days. If you suffer from painful cramps, you can try:

  • Putting a heating pad on your stomach
  • Taking some ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, or a retail brand) or naproxen (Aleve, or a store brand) can be of some assistance.

Should I Keep an Eye Out for Any Other Issues?

The majority of girls do not report any issues related to their periods.

However, you should contact your physician if you:

  • If you are 15 and haven’t started your period yet, you should probably shave.
  • you’ve had your period for more than two years, but it still doesn’t come regularly (about once every four to five weeks).
  • There is a Hemorrhage that is extremely severe and does not respond to treatment with ibuprofen or naproxen.
  • You are experiencing bleeding in between cycles; (bleeding that goes through a pad or tampon faster than every 1 hour)
  • Have periods that linger for more than a week on average; suffer from severe PMS to the point where it interferes with your day-to-day activities.

Takeaway Message!

Having your period is a normal and healthy component of being a female. They shouldn’t prevent you from working out, experiencing adventures, and generally living life to the fullest. Your doctor, mom, health educator, school nurse, or elder sister can all help answer your questions regarding periods.

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